Frequently Asked Questions
The purpose of this 'Frequently Asked Questions' page is to provide answers to the questions most commonly asked by members of the public.
Child car restraint legislation summary
Types of restraints
- Children from birth up to the age of six months must be in a rearward facing restraint.
- Children from six months up to the age of four years must be in either a rearward or forward facing restraint with an internal five point harness.
- Children from four years up to the age of seven years must be restrained in either a forward facing restraint with an internal five point harness or a booster seat restrainted by a lap sash seat belt or child safety harness.
Children must exhaust all options available for their current age group before prematurely considering to use a child car restraint from the next age group.
Seating position summary
- Children under four years are not allowed to sit in the front seat of a vehicle if the vehicle has two or more rows of seats.
- Children aged between four and up to seven years are not permitted to sit in front seats of a vehicle, unless ALL rear seating positions are occupied by children less than seven years of age.
Frequently Asked Questions
When can a child sit in the front seat?
It is not recommended that a child sit in the front seat of a vehicle.
- Children from birth to four years can not travel in the front seat of a vehicle with two or more rows of seats, however if the vehicle does not have a rear row, this does not apply.
- Rearward facing restraints cannot be used in a front seat where there is a passenger airbag.
- Children from four years to seven years are not allowed to travel in the front seat of a vehicle with two or more rows of seats, unless all the other seats are already occupied by children under seven years of age.
- Remember that every child travelling in the vehicle should be restrained by an appropriate child car restraint.
What is the best child car restraint to buy?
When choosing a child car restraint a variety of considerations need to be made, below is a list of some of the most common:
- All restraints must meet the Australian Standard - AS/NZS 1754 for child car restraints,
- It is recommended that child car restraints older than 10 years are not used, however at a minimum it needs to be the AS/NZS1754:1995 or a subsequent standard,
- The history of the child car restraint should be known, and restraints involved in a crash should not be used,
- Purchase price does not indicate how a child car restraint will perform in a crash,visit Child Car Seats for an unbiased evaluation on protection and ease-of-use for a large range of child car restraints,
- A child car restraint needs to fit in a vehicle when it's in the rearward facing position without the person sitting in front being pushed too close to the dashboard,
- A child car restraint needs to allow enough room for other child car restraints and occupants in the vehicle,
- A chosen child car restraint needs to be able to be installed with minimum movement on the seat,
- If the child car restraint needs to be moved frequently, ideally choose one that is light and easy to install correctly every time.
When can I move my baby into a forward facing child car restraint?
Movement of a baby from rearward facing to forward facing earlier than required is not encouraged, a rearward facing infant restraint should be used until the baby is at least six months old.
Ideally a child should remain rearward until they reach the upper weight in a pre-2010 AS/NZS 1754 Standard restraint, and when using a AS/NZS 1754:2010 or 2013 restraint must be rearward until they meet the minimum height markers required in forward facing mode.
It should be noted that the harness straps need to be moved to different slot positions as the baby grows. In a rearward facing restraint, the harness straps must be a maximum of 25mm above or level with the baby's shoulders, not below.
When can I move my child into a booster seat?
- Children from approximately six months to four years should use forward facing child car restraint with five point internal harness,
- Children using a restraint from a pre-2010 AS/NZS 1754 Standard should cease using the restraint once they exceed 18 kilograms, if under 4 years of age, these children will then need to use a AS/NZS 1754:2010 or 2013 standard restraint,
- A child aged four years and above can use a booster seat once the minimum height and/or weight limits are met for the booster seat being used,
- Unlike a rearward facing restraint, it is fine for the harness straps of a forward facing child car restraint to range from 25 millimetres below or above the child's shoulders,
- When buying a booster, it is recommended that buyers choose one that has a back, a firm base and side wings, with a sash guide to position the seat belt correctly on the occupant's shoulder.
What is a combination seat?
A combination seat is a combination of a forward facing child car restraint and a booster seat. It attaches to the vehicle with a tether strap and has a five point inbuilt harness.
If the child meets the minimum size requirements, the child can use the harness from six months until they reach a minimum of four years of age and have reached the minimum size requirement for the restraint to be used in booster mode. Then the harness tucks away inside the restraint and the lap sash seat belt is used as is used in an ordinary booster until the child is at least seven years.
When can I move my child to an adult seat belt without a booster?
A booster should be used until EITHER: the child is at least seven years of age OR the child's shoulders are above the upper limit of all AS/NZS:2010 and 2013 Standard boosters.
To tell whether the adult seat belt fits a child, the child needs to be placed in the chosen seating position and check that the sash part of the seat belt sits flat on the shoulder and does not come in contact with the child's face or neck.
Lap sash seat belts offer far greater protection than lap only belts. Because children are far more fragile than adults, putting them in a position that has a lap belt only should be avoided.
When fitted correctly a lap sash seat belt does not come into contact with the face or neck.
Can I use a restraint from overseas?
Only restraints that meet the Australian Standard AS/NZS1754 for child restraints can be used in Western Australia. It is also a requirement to use child car restraints that meet at least the 1995 version of this standard.
Australian Standard restraints can be identified in two major ways. Firstly they all fasten to the vehicle not only by means of the seat belt or ISOFix points, but also by means of a tether strap that is attached to an anchor fitting bolted into and anchorage point in the vehicle (with the exception of some boosters). Secondly, they carry an Australian Standards Mark sticker marked AS/NZS 1754. This sticker is a guarantee that the product will provide the best protection possible from injury in a crash if it is correctly installed and used.
What if a restraint has been in a crash?
The Standard for Child Restraints, AS/NZS 1754, requires manufacturers to include in their restraint instruction booklets the words: "Destroy the restraint if it has been in a severe crash, even if no damage is visible." A severe crash is one where the body structure of the vehicle has been distorted.
Are second hand restraints safe?
If you are considering purchasing a second hand restraint, you need to be assured of the history of the restraint and that it has not been involved in a crash. If you cannot be assured of the restraint history, it would be unwise to purchase a second hand restraint.
How do I know if my car has anchor points for a child car restraint?
The best way to check if your car has anchor points for a child car restraint is to check the car owner's manual.
The index will list child car restraints and you can then check where the anchorage points are in your vehicle.
As a quick guide most sedans manufactured after 1st July 1976, station wagons manufactured after 1st January 1977, light passenger vans (up to 12 seats) manufactured after January 1986, 4WDs manufactured after July 1990 and some late model commercial vehicles and utes are likely to have child car restraint anchorage points.
If in doubt, it is recommended to call the vehicle manufacturer for anchorage point locations.
The Department of Transport authorises Type 2 Fitting Stations to install after-market anchorage points, visit Type 2 Fitters for more information.
What if I am travelling in a Taxi?
Some taxis have restraints available but you will need to book them. Alternatively you can take your own restraint or hire one to take in the taxi.
Contact the Child Car Restraint Fitting Information Line
The Child Restraint Information Line telephone number is 1300 780 713. This service operates from Monday to Friday from 9.00am - 2.00pm (WST).
|Child Car Restraint Fitting Information Line|
||1300 780 713 (WST)
||Monday to Friday 9am - 2pm